Do physical and sexual abuse differentially affect chronic pain states in women?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
  • Department of Anesthesiology

Abstract

To evaluate the role of physical and/or sexual abuse on chronic pain symptoms and health care utilization in women, 104 consecutive female patients presenting to a multidisciplinary pain center for management of chronic pain were surveyed. Outcomes included a measure of sexual or physical abuse history (Drossman Sexual-Physical Abuse Survey), and measures of anxiety, health care utilization, substance abuse, and somatic symptoms. Forty-eight percent of the sample reported a history of physical abuse (PA) or sexual abuse (SA). Forty percent of the abused patients reported both PA and SA and the remainder reported SA (37%) or PA (23%) alone. The women who reported abuse had increased pain, physical symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and mental health care utilization compared to nonabused women. The women who reported abuse were also more likely to smoke and abuse street drugs. Women who reported both PA and SA were more likely to report head pain when compared to those who reported only PA or SA. Given the impact of abuse, particularly SA, on the presentation of chronic pain, queries regarding abuse should become a routine component of the patient interview. Abused patients should be referred to mental health care practitioners as a component of successful pain management if unresolved issues persist. Copyright (C) 1999 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-426
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume18
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999

Keywords

  • Adulthood physical abuse, Adulthood sexual abuse, Childhood physical abuse, Childhood sexual abuse, Chronic pain, Women