Do people’s goals for mass participation sporting events matter? A self-determination theory perspective

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • BRISTOL UNIVERSITY

Abstract

Background
Non-elite mass participation sports events (MPSEs) may hold potential as a physical activity promotion tool. Research into why
people participate in these events and what goals they are pursuing is lacking. Grounded in self-determination theory, this study examined the
associations between MPSE participants’ goals, event experiences and physical activity.

Methods
A prospective cohort study was conducted; pre-event, participants reported their goals for the event. Four weeks post-event,
participants reported their motivation for exercise, perceptions of their event achievement and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity
(MVPA). Bivariate correlations and path analysis were performed on data from 114 adults.

Results
Intrinsic goals (e.g. health, skill and social affiliation) for the event were positively associated with perceptions of event achievement,
whereas extrinsic goals (e.g. appearance or social recognition) were not. Event achievement was positively associated with post-event
autonomous motivation, which in turn was positively associated with MVPA.

Conclusions
Pursuing intrinsic but not extrinsic goals for MPSEs is associated with greater perceptions of event achievement, which in turn is
associated with post-event autonomous motivation and MVPA.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Public Health Medicine
Early online date27 Sep 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • physical activity, sports participation, events