DNA damage emergency: cellular garbage disposal to the rescue?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Authors

Abstract

The proteasome is a cellular machine found in the cytosol, nucleus and on chromatin that performs much of the proteolysis in eukaryotic cells. Recent reports show it is enriched at sites of double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs) in mammalian cells. What is it doing there? This review will address three possibilities suggested by recent reports: in degrading proteins after their ubiquitination at and eviction from chromatin; as a deubiquitinase, specific to the antagonism of ubiquitin conjugates generated as part of the signalling of a DSB; and as a functional component of DNA repair mechanism itself. These findings add complexity to the proteasome as a potential therapeutic target in cancer treatment.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-813
JournalOncogene
Volume33
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • DNA damage, cellular