Disruptive Norms: assessing the impact of ethnic minority immigration on non-immigrant voter turnout using a complex model

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Disruptive Norms : assessing the impact of ethnic minority immigration on non-immigrant voter turnout using a complex model. / Loughran, Thomas; Fieldhouse, Ed; Lessard-Phillips, Laurence; Bentley, Lee.

In: Social Science Computer Review, Vol. 38, No. 4, 01.08.2020, p. 422-442.

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@article{0b5667d2cb1a4df98930d3db5de9f8b4,
title = "Disruptive Norms: assessing the impact of ethnic minority immigration on non-immigrant voter turnout using a complex model",
abstract = "This article explores whether introducing an external group into a population with different characteristics to the existing population may lead to behavioral change. Specifically, we test whether introducing ethnic minority immigrants with varying levels of civic duty (commitment to voting) norms into a previously homogenous nonimmigrant ethnic majority population influences voter turnout among the nonimmigrant majority group. The findings have been produced using a complex agent-based model (“the voter model”) where the parameters and characteristics have been developed through the extensive synthesis of existing findings from real-world social science research on voter turnout. The model adopts the KIDS (“Keep It Descriptive Stupid”) approach to this form of modeling complex systems. The model puts a particular emphasis on exploring the dynamic social aspects that influence turnout by focusing on the role of networks and spatial composition factors such as ethnic diversity and levels of internal and external immigration. It uses an approach based on aggregative neighborhood dynamics to go beyond existing static models of the influence of social norms on voting similar to the classic approach of Schelling. The main findings from this article suggest that, other factors being equal, increased levels of immigration lead to a small but significant increase in turnout among the nonimmigrant population and show that higher levels of civic duty among immigrants lead to higher levels of turnout among nonimmigrants over time. This challenges the popular belief that increased immigration and diversity in a specific community will always lead to lower turnout levels.",
keywords = "Agent Based Modelling, Turnout, Networks, Civic Duty, Social Norms, Immigration",
author = "Thomas Loughran and Ed Fieldhouse and Laurence Lessard-Phillips and Lee Bentley",
year = "2020",
month = aug,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0894439318824264",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "422--442",
journal = "Social Science Computer Review",
issn = "0894-4393",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disruptive Norms

T2 - assessing the impact of ethnic minority immigration on non-immigrant voter turnout using a complex model

AU - Loughran, Thomas

AU - Fieldhouse, Ed

AU - Lessard-Phillips, Laurence

AU - Bentley, Lee

PY - 2020/8/1

Y1 - 2020/8/1

N2 - This article explores whether introducing an external group into a population with different characteristics to the existing population may lead to behavioral change. Specifically, we test whether introducing ethnic minority immigrants with varying levels of civic duty (commitment to voting) norms into a previously homogenous nonimmigrant ethnic majority population influences voter turnout among the nonimmigrant majority group. The findings have been produced using a complex agent-based model (“the voter model”) where the parameters and characteristics have been developed through the extensive synthesis of existing findings from real-world social science research on voter turnout. The model adopts the KIDS (“Keep It Descriptive Stupid”) approach to this form of modeling complex systems. The model puts a particular emphasis on exploring the dynamic social aspects that influence turnout by focusing on the role of networks and spatial composition factors such as ethnic diversity and levels of internal and external immigration. It uses an approach based on aggregative neighborhood dynamics to go beyond existing static models of the influence of social norms on voting similar to the classic approach of Schelling. The main findings from this article suggest that, other factors being equal, increased levels of immigration lead to a small but significant increase in turnout among the nonimmigrant population and show that higher levels of civic duty among immigrants lead to higher levels of turnout among nonimmigrants over time. This challenges the popular belief that increased immigration and diversity in a specific community will always lead to lower turnout levels.

AB - This article explores whether introducing an external group into a population with different characteristics to the existing population may lead to behavioral change. Specifically, we test whether introducing ethnic minority immigrants with varying levels of civic duty (commitment to voting) norms into a previously homogenous nonimmigrant ethnic majority population influences voter turnout among the nonimmigrant majority group. The findings have been produced using a complex agent-based model (“the voter model”) where the parameters and characteristics have been developed through the extensive synthesis of existing findings from real-world social science research on voter turnout. The model adopts the KIDS (“Keep It Descriptive Stupid”) approach to this form of modeling complex systems. The model puts a particular emphasis on exploring the dynamic social aspects that influence turnout by focusing on the role of networks and spatial composition factors such as ethnic diversity and levels of internal and external immigration. It uses an approach based on aggregative neighborhood dynamics to go beyond existing static models of the influence of social norms on voting similar to the classic approach of Schelling. The main findings from this article suggest that, other factors being equal, increased levels of immigration lead to a small but significant increase in turnout among the nonimmigrant population and show that higher levels of civic duty among immigrants lead to higher levels of turnout among nonimmigrants over time. This challenges the popular belief that increased immigration and diversity in a specific community will always lead to lower turnout levels.

KW - Agent Based Modelling

KW - Turnout

KW - Networks

KW - Civic Duty

KW - Social Norms

KW - Immigration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063327430&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0894439318824264

DO - 10.1177/0894439318824264

M3 - Special issue

VL - 38

SP - 422

EP - 442

JO - Social Science Computer Review

JF - Social Science Computer Review

SN - 0894-4393

IS - 4

ER -