Disability, Depression and Suicide Ideation in People with Multiple Sclerosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Vicky Lewis
  • Williams Katherine
  • Chit Koko
  • John Woolmore

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Birmingham
  • BIRMINGHAM COMMUNITY HEALTHCARE NHS TRUST
  • University Hospital Birmingham

Abstract

Introduction

Depressive symptoms occur frequently in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and rates of suicide ideation are higher than the general population. There is evidence for a direct association between disability and depression, disability and suicide ideation, and depression and suicide ideation in MS. However, the relationship between all three, i.e. the mediating role of depression between disability and suicidal ideation, has not been investigated. Exploring this relationship could highlight risk factors, alerting clinicians to the need for timely intervention.

Method

Seventy five people with progressive MS attending two out-patient clinics took part in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed the Beck Suicide Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale and Guy's Neurological Disability Scale.

Results

Depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between perceived and actual disability and suicide ideation. Different types of disability were associated with suicidality, including: ‘tremors’ and ‘taking longer to do things’. A small sub-group were identified who reported suicide ideation in the presence of only mild levels of depression, supporting a concept termed ‘rational’ suicide.

Limitations

There may be a sample bias in this study as all participants were attending out-patient clinics and receiving support which may not be available to everyone with MS.

Conclusion

It is important for clinicians to screen regularly for both depression and suicide ideation, to be alert to specific types of disability for which a higher level of suicide ideation might be present and to consider the possibility of suicidal thoughts being present in people who show minimal or no depressive symptoms.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Early online date2 Oct 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Multiple Sclerosis, suicide ideation, disability, depression