Dimensional crossover of the dephasing time in disordered mesoscopic rings: From diffusive through ergodic to 0D behavior
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter
Colleges, School and Institutes
- University of Munich
We analyze dephasing by electron interactions in a small disordered quasi-one dimensional (1D) ring weakly coupled to leads, where we recently predicted a crossover for the dephasing time φτ(T) from diffusive or ergodic 1D (τφ−1 T2/3, T1) to 0D behavior (τφ−1 T2)as T drops below the Thouless energy ETh.1 We provide a detailed derivation of our results, based on an influence functional for quantum Nyquist noise, and calculate all leading and subleading terms of the dephasing time in the three regimes. Explicitly taking into account the Pauli blocking of the Fermi sea in the metal allows us to describe the 0D regime on equal footingas the others. The crossover to 0D, predicted by Sivan, Imry and Aronov for 3D systems,2 has so far eluded experimental observation.We will show that for T << ETh, 0D dephasing governs not only the T-dependence for the smooth part of the magnetoconductivity but alsofor the amplitude of the Altshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations, which result only from electron paths winding around the ring. This observation can be exploited to filter out and eliminate contributions to dephasing from trajectories which do not wind around the ring, which may tend to mask the T2 behavior. Thus, the ring geometry holds promise of finally observing the crossover to 0D experimentally.
|Title of host publication||Perspectives of Mesoscopic Physics|
|Subtitle of host publication||Dedicated to Yoseph Imry's 70th Birthday|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2010|