Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Phosphorus 31 MR Spectroscopy at 7 T
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Colleges, School and Institutes
- From the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance Research (OCMR), Level 0, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, England.
Purpose To test whether the increased signal-to-noise ratio of phosphorus 31 ((31)P) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy at 7 T improves precision in cardiac metabolite quantification in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) compared with that at 3 T. Materials and Methods Ethical approval was obtained, and participants provided written informe consent. In a prospective study, (31)P MR spectroscopy was performed at 3 T and 7 T in 25 patients with DCM. Ten healthy matched control subjects underwent (31)P MR spectroscopy at 7 T. Paired Student t tests were performed to compare results between the 3-T and 7-T studies. Results The phosphocreatine (PCr) signal-to-noise ratio increased 2.5 times at 7 T compared with that at 3 T. The PCr to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration ratio (PCr/ATP) was similar at both field strengths (mean ± standard deviation, 1.48 ± 0.44 at 3 T vs 1.54 ± 0.39 at 7 T, P = .49), as expected. The Cramér-Rao lower bounds in PCr concentration (a measure of uncertainty in the measured ratio) were 45% lower at 7 T than at 3 T, reflecting the higher quality of 7-T (31)P spectra. Patients with dilated cardioyopathy had a significantly lower PCr/ATP than did healthy control subjects at 7 T (1.54 ± 0.39 vs 1.95 ± 0.25, P = .005), which is consistent with previous findings. Conclusion 7-T cardiac (31)P MR spectroscopy is feasible in patients with DCM and gives higher signal-to-noise ratios and more precise quantification of the PCr/ATP than that at 3 T. PCr/ATP was significantly lower in patients with DCM than in control subjects at 7 T, which is consistent with previous findings at lower field strengths.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2016|