Diffusion-weighted MRI and intravoxel incoherent motion model for diagnosis of pediatric solid abdominal tumors

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@article{d531119c46624c339ab2d9c6547ce0a5,
title = "Diffusion-weighted MRI and intravoxel incoherent motion model for diagnosis of pediatric solid abdominal tumors",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Pediatric retroperitoneal tumors in the renal bed are often large and heterogeneous, and their diagnosis based on conventional imaging alone is not possible. More advanced imaging methods, such as diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and the use of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), have the potential to provide additional biomarkers that could facilitate their noninvasive diagnosis.PURPOSE: To assess the use of an IVIM model for diagnosis of childhood malignant abdominal tumors and discrimination of benign from malignant lesions.STUDY TYPE: Retrospective.POPULATION: Forty-two pediatric patients with abdominal lesions (n = 32 malignant, n = 10 benign), verified by histopathology.FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5T MRI system and a DW-MRI sequence with six b-values (0, 50, 100, 150, 600, 1000 s/mm2).ASSESSMENT: Parameter maps of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and IVIM maps of slow diffusion coefficient (D), fast diffusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were computed using a segmented fitting model. Histograms were constructed for whole-tumor regions of each parameter.STATISTICAL TESTS: Comparison of histogram parameters of and their diagnostic performance was determined using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.RESULTS: IVIM parameters D* and f were significantly higher in neuroblastoma compared to Wilms' tumors (P < 0.05). The ROC analysis showed that the best diagnostic performance was achieved with D* 90thpercentile (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.935; P = 0.002; cutoff value = 32,376 × 10-6mm2/s) and f mean values (AUC = 1.00; P < 0.001; cutoff value = 14.7) in discriminating between neuroblastoma (n = 11) and Wilms' tumors (n = 8). Discrimination between tumor types was not possible with IVIM D or ADC parameters. Malignant tumors revealed significantly lower ADC, D, and higher D* values than in benign lesions (all P < 0.05).DATA CONCLUSION: IVIM perfusion parameters could distinguish between malignant childhood tumor types, providing potential imaging biomarkers for their diagnosis.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Meeus, {Emma M} and Niloufar Zarinabad and Manias, {Karen A} and Jan Novak and Rose, {Heather E L} and Hamid Dehghani and Katharine Foster and Bruce Morland and Peet, {Andrew C}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2017 The Authors Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.",
year = "2017",
month = nov,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1002/jmri.25901",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging",
issn = "1053-1807",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diffusion-weighted MRI and intravoxel incoherent motion model for diagnosis of pediatric solid abdominal tumors

AU - Meeus, Emma M

AU - Zarinabad, Niloufar

AU - Manias, Karen A

AU - Novak, Jan

AU - Rose, Heather E L

AU - Dehghani, Hamid

AU - Foster, Katharine

AU - Morland, Bruce

AU - Peet, Andrew C

N1 - © 2017 The Authors Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

PY - 2017/11/21

Y1 - 2017/11/21

N2 - BACKGROUND: Pediatric retroperitoneal tumors in the renal bed are often large and heterogeneous, and their diagnosis based on conventional imaging alone is not possible. More advanced imaging methods, such as diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and the use of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), have the potential to provide additional biomarkers that could facilitate their noninvasive diagnosis.PURPOSE: To assess the use of an IVIM model for diagnosis of childhood malignant abdominal tumors and discrimination of benign from malignant lesions.STUDY TYPE: Retrospective.POPULATION: Forty-two pediatric patients with abdominal lesions (n = 32 malignant, n = 10 benign), verified by histopathology.FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5T MRI system and a DW-MRI sequence with six b-values (0, 50, 100, 150, 600, 1000 s/mm2).ASSESSMENT: Parameter maps of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and IVIM maps of slow diffusion coefficient (D), fast diffusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were computed using a segmented fitting model. Histograms were constructed for whole-tumor regions of each parameter.STATISTICAL TESTS: Comparison of histogram parameters of and their diagnostic performance was determined using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.RESULTS: IVIM parameters D* and f were significantly higher in neuroblastoma compared to Wilms' tumors (P < 0.05). The ROC analysis showed that the best diagnostic performance was achieved with D* 90thpercentile (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.935; P = 0.002; cutoff value = 32,376 × 10-6mm2/s) and f mean values (AUC = 1.00; P < 0.001; cutoff value = 14.7) in discriminating between neuroblastoma (n = 11) and Wilms' tumors (n = 8). Discrimination between tumor types was not possible with IVIM D or ADC parameters. Malignant tumors revealed significantly lower ADC, D, and higher D* values than in benign lesions (all P < 0.05).DATA CONCLUSION: IVIM perfusion parameters could distinguish between malignant childhood tumor types, providing potential imaging biomarkers for their diagnosis.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017.

AB - BACKGROUND: Pediatric retroperitoneal tumors in the renal bed are often large and heterogeneous, and their diagnosis based on conventional imaging alone is not possible. More advanced imaging methods, such as diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and the use of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), have the potential to provide additional biomarkers that could facilitate their noninvasive diagnosis.PURPOSE: To assess the use of an IVIM model for diagnosis of childhood malignant abdominal tumors and discrimination of benign from malignant lesions.STUDY TYPE: Retrospective.POPULATION: Forty-two pediatric patients with abdominal lesions (n = 32 malignant, n = 10 benign), verified by histopathology.FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5T MRI system and a DW-MRI sequence with six b-values (0, 50, 100, 150, 600, 1000 s/mm2).ASSESSMENT: Parameter maps of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and IVIM maps of slow diffusion coefficient (D), fast diffusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were computed using a segmented fitting model. Histograms were constructed for whole-tumor regions of each parameter.STATISTICAL TESTS: Comparison of histogram parameters of and their diagnostic performance was determined using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.RESULTS: IVIM parameters D* and f were significantly higher in neuroblastoma compared to Wilms' tumors (P < 0.05). The ROC analysis showed that the best diagnostic performance was achieved with D* 90thpercentile (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.935; P = 0.002; cutoff value = 32,376 × 10-6mm2/s) and f mean values (AUC = 1.00; P < 0.001; cutoff value = 14.7) in discriminating between neuroblastoma (n = 11) and Wilms' tumors (n = 8). Discrimination between tumor types was not possible with IVIM D or ADC parameters. Malignant tumors revealed significantly lower ADC, D, and higher D* values than in benign lesions (all P < 0.05).DATA CONCLUSION: IVIM perfusion parameters could distinguish between malignant childhood tumor types, providing potential imaging biomarkers for their diagnosis.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1002/jmri.25901

DO - 10.1002/jmri.25901

M3 - Article

C2 - 29159937

JO - Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

JF - Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

SN - 1053-1807

ER -