Differential requirement for CCR4 in the maintenance but not establishment of the invariant Vγ5(+) dendritic epidermal T-cell pool

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Thymocytes expressing the invariant Vγ5 γδT-cell receptor represent progenitors of dendritic epidermal T-cells (DETC) that play an important immune surveillance role in the skin. In contrast to the bulk of αβT-cell development, Vγ5(+) DETC progenitor development occurs exclusively in fetal thymus. Whilst αβT-cell development is known to require chemokine receptor mediated migration through distinct thymus regions, culminating in medullary entry and thymic egress, the importance and control of intrathymic migration for DETC progenitors is unclear. We recently revealed a link between Vγ5(+) DETC progenitor development and medullary thymic epithelial cells expressing Aire, a known regulator of thymic chemokine expression, demonstrating that normal Vγ5(+) DETC progenitor development requires regulated intramedullary positioning. Here we investigate the role of chemokines and their receptors during intrathymic Vγ5(+) DETC progenitor development and establishment of the DETC pool in the skin. We report that thymic medullary accumulation of Vγ5(+) DETC progenitors is a G-protein coupled receptor dependent process. However, this process occurs independently of Aire's influences on intrathymic chemokines, and in the absence of CCR4 and CCR7 expression by DETC progenitors. In contrast, analysis of epidermal γδT-cells at neonatal and adult stages in CCR4(-/-) mice reveals that reduced numbers of DETC in adult epidermis are not a consequence of diminished intrathymic embryonic development, nor deficiencies in initial epidermal seeding in the neonate. Collectively, our data reveal differences in the chemokine receptor requirements for intrathymic migration of αβ and invariant γδT-cells, and highlight a differential role for CCR4 in the maintenance, but not initial seeding, of DETC in the epidermis.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e74019
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Animals, Animals, Newborn, Cell Differentiation, Epidermis, Lymphoid Progenitor Cells, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta, Receptors, CCR4, Receptors, CCR7, Signal Transduction, T-Lymphocyte Subsets, Thymus Gland, Transcription Factors