Dietary modulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is a nuclear receptor that regulates intestinal inflammation. PPAR gamma is highly expressed in the colon and can be activated by various dietary ligands. A number of fatty acids such as polyunsaturated fatty acids or eicosanoids are considered as endogenous PPAR gamma activators. Nevertheless, other nutrients such as glutamine, spicy food or flavonoids are also able to activate PPAR gamma. As PPAR gamma plays a key role in bacterial induced inflammation, anti-inflammatory properties of probiotics may be mediated through PPAR gamma. The aims of the present review are to discuss of the potential roles of dietary compounds in modulating intestinal inflammation through PPAR gamma.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-93
Number of pages8
JournalGut
Volume58
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

Keywords

  • Amino Acids, Bacterial Physiological Phenomena, Diet, Eicosanoids, Fatty Acids, Unsaturated, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Intestines, PPAR gamma, Probiotics, Spices, Journal Article, Review