Did government spending cuts to social care for older people lead to an increase in emergency hospital admissions? An ecological study, England 2005-2016

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Did government spending cuts to social care for older people lead to an increase in emergency hospital admissions? An ecological study, England 2005-2016. / Seamer, Paul; Brake, Simon; Moore, Patrick; Mohammed, Mohammed A; Wyatt, Steven.

In: BMJ open, Vol. 9, No. 4, e024577, 25.04.2019.

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@article{81a3b91fdd544b2aa26c4761bcb1ec9f,
title = "Did government spending cuts to social care for older people lead to an increase in emergency hospital admissions?: An ecological study, England 2005-2016",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Government spending on social care in England reduced substantially in real terms following the economic crisis in 2008, meanwhile emergency admissions to hospitals have increased. We aimed to assess the extent to which reductions in social care spend on older people have led to increases in emergency hospital admissions.DESIGN: We used negative binomial regression for panel data to assess the relationship between emergency hospital admissions and government spend on social care for older people. We adjusted for population size and for levels of deprivation and health.SETTING: Hospitals and adult social care services in England between April 2005 and March 2016.PARTICIPANTS: People aged 65 years and over resident in 132 local councils.OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome variable-emergency hospital admissions of adults aged 65 years and over. Secondary outcome measure-emergency hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) of adults aged 65 years and over.RESULTS: We found no significant relationship between the changes in the rate of government spend (£'000 s) on social care for older people within councils and our primary outcome variable, emergency hospital admissions (Incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.009, 95% CI 0.965 to 1.056) or our secondary outcome measure, admissions for ACSCs (IRR 0.975, 95% CI 0.917 to 1.038).CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence to support the view that reductions in government spend on social care since 2008 have led to increases in emergency hospital admissions in older people. Policy makers may wish to review schemes, such as the Better Care Fund, which are predicated on a relationship between social care provision and emergency hospital admissions of older people.",
keywords = "emergency hospital admissions, government spending, older people, social care",
author = "Paul Seamer and Simon Brake and Patrick Moore and Mohammed, {Mohammed A} and Steven Wyatt",
note = "{\textcopyright} Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.",
year = "2019",
month = apr,
day = "25",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024577",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "BMJ open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Did government spending cuts to social care for older people lead to an increase in emergency hospital admissions?

T2 - An ecological study, England 2005-2016

AU - Seamer, Paul

AU - Brake, Simon

AU - Moore, Patrick

AU - Mohammed, Mohammed A

AU - Wyatt, Steven

N1 - © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

PY - 2019/4/25

Y1 - 2019/4/25

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Government spending on social care in England reduced substantially in real terms following the economic crisis in 2008, meanwhile emergency admissions to hospitals have increased. We aimed to assess the extent to which reductions in social care spend on older people have led to increases in emergency hospital admissions.DESIGN: We used negative binomial regression for panel data to assess the relationship between emergency hospital admissions and government spend on social care for older people. We adjusted for population size and for levels of deprivation and health.SETTING: Hospitals and adult social care services in England between April 2005 and March 2016.PARTICIPANTS: People aged 65 years and over resident in 132 local councils.OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome variable-emergency hospital admissions of adults aged 65 years and over. Secondary outcome measure-emergency hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) of adults aged 65 years and over.RESULTS: We found no significant relationship between the changes in the rate of government spend (£'000 s) on social care for older people within councils and our primary outcome variable, emergency hospital admissions (Incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.009, 95% CI 0.965 to 1.056) or our secondary outcome measure, admissions for ACSCs (IRR 0.975, 95% CI 0.917 to 1.038).CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence to support the view that reductions in government spend on social care since 2008 have led to increases in emergency hospital admissions in older people. Policy makers may wish to review schemes, such as the Better Care Fund, which are predicated on a relationship between social care provision and emergency hospital admissions of older people.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Government spending on social care in England reduced substantially in real terms following the economic crisis in 2008, meanwhile emergency admissions to hospitals have increased. We aimed to assess the extent to which reductions in social care spend on older people have led to increases in emergency hospital admissions.DESIGN: We used negative binomial regression for panel data to assess the relationship between emergency hospital admissions and government spend on social care for older people. We adjusted for population size and for levels of deprivation and health.SETTING: Hospitals and adult social care services in England between April 2005 and March 2016.PARTICIPANTS: People aged 65 years and over resident in 132 local councils.OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome variable-emergency hospital admissions of adults aged 65 years and over. Secondary outcome measure-emergency hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) of adults aged 65 years and over.RESULTS: We found no significant relationship between the changes in the rate of government spend (£'000 s) on social care for older people within councils and our primary outcome variable, emergency hospital admissions (Incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.009, 95% CI 0.965 to 1.056) or our secondary outcome measure, admissions for ACSCs (IRR 0.975, 95% CI 0.917 to 1.038).CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence to support the view that reductions in government spend on social care since 2008 have led to increases in emergency hospital admissions in older people. Policy makers may wish to review schemes, such as the Better Care Fund, which are predicated on a relationship between social care provision and emergency hospital admissions of older people.

KW - emergency hospital admissions

KW - government spending

KW - older people

KW - social care

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065231789&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024577

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024577

M3 - Article

C2 - 31028036

VL - 9

JO - BMJ open

JF - BMJ open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 4

M1 - e024577

ER -