Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands

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Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands. / Abu-Akel, Ahmad; Apperly, Ian; Muller Spaniol, Mayra; Geng, Joy; Mevorach, Carmel.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, 8478, 31.05.2018.

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@article{21f637d2402d48929b6e3292fccda7b6,
title = "Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands",
abstract = "Our capacity to attend a target while ignoring irrelevant distraction impacts our ability to successfully interact with our environment. Previous reports have sometimes identified excessive distractor interference in both autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders and in neurotypical individuals with high subclinical expressions of these conditions. Independent of task, we show thatthe direction of the effect of autism or psychosis traits on the suppression or rejection of a nontarget item is diametrical. In Study 1, in which the presence of a salient non-target item hindered performance, higher autism traits were associated with better performance, while higher psychosis traits were associated with worse performance. In Study 2, in which the presence of a salient nontarget item facilitated performance, a complete reversal of effects was observed. Future clinical interventions may be informed by the context-specific advantages we observed for the autism and psychosis spectra, and by the need to consider the diametric effects they yield.",
keywords = "Psychology, Risk factors",
author = "Ahmad Abu-Akel and Ian Apperly and {Muller Spaniol}, Mayra and Joy Geng and Carmel Mevorach",
year = "2018",
month = may,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-26821-7",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands

AU - Abu-Akel, Ahmad

AU - Apperly, Ian

AU - Muller Spaniol, Mayra

AU - Geng, Joy

AU - Mevorach, Carmel

PY - 2018/5/31

Y1 - 2018/5/31

N2 - Our capacity to attend a target while ignoring irrelevant distraction impacts our ability to successfully interact with our environment. Previous reports have sometimes identified excessive distractor interference in both autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders and in neurotypical individuals with high subclinical expressions of these conditions. Independent of task, we show thatthe direction of the effect of autism or psychosis traits on the suppression or rejection of a nontarget item is diametrical. In Study 1, in which the presence of a salient non-target item hindered performance, higher autism traits were associated with better performance, while higher psychosis traits were associated with worse performance. In Study 2, in which the presence of a salient nontarget item facilitated performance, a complete reversal of effects was observed. Future clinical interventions may be informed by the context-specific advantages we observed for the autism and psychosis spectra, and by the need to consider the diametric effects they yield.

AB - Our capacity to attend a target while ignoring irrelevant distraction impacts our ability to successfully interact with our environment. Previous reports have sometimes identified excessive distractor interference in both autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders and in neurotypical individuals with high subclinical expressions of these conditions. Independent of task, we show thatthe direction of the effect of autism or psychosis traits on the suppression or rejection of a nontarget item is diametrical. In Study 1, in which the presence of a salient non-target item hindered performance, higher autism traits were associated with better performance, while higher psychosis traits were associated with worse performance. In Study 2, in which the presence of a salient nontarget item facilitated performance, a complete reversal of effects was observed. Future clinical interventions may be informed by the context-specific advantages we observed for the autism and psychosis spectra, and by the need to consider the diametric effects they yield.

KW - Psychology

KW - Risk factors

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-26821-7

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-26821-7

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 8478

ER -