Development of CaMn1-xRuxO3-y (x = 0 and 0.15) oxygen reduction catalysts for use in low temperature electrochemical devices containing alkaline electrolytes: ex situ testing using the rotating ring-disk electrode voltammetry method

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Various inorganic solid state catalysts are of interest for use as cathode catalysts in low temperature alkaline fuel cells including alkaline polymer electrolyte fuel cells. This ex situ study compares the oxygen reduction reaction in aqueous KOH (1 mol dm−3) electrolyte on solid state and sol–gel synthesised CaMn1−xRuxO3 (x = 0 and 0.15) catalysts along with fuel-cell-grade Pt-based benchmark catalysts. The inclusion of Ru (e.g. in the CaMn0.85Ru0.15O3 examples) led to enhanced electronic conductivities compared to the Ru free exemplars. Rotating ring disk electrode hydrodynamic voltammetry was successfully used to determine the electron transfer numbers and hydrogen peroxide production yield for each catalyst. The electron transfer numbers of a number of the catalysts promisingly approach n = 4 (the same as for the platinum benchmarks). However, the on-set potentials of the CaMn1−xRuxO3 (x = 0 and 0.15) catalysts were less than that of the Pt-based benchmarks and they also degraded in the alkaline conditions used (with a further decrease in onset potentials on degradation): the results from the study lead to the hypothesis that the degradation is related to the electrochemically generated peroxide.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3047-3056
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Early online date14 Jan 2014
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2014