Development of an apparatus for the degradation of aviation gas turbine Lubricants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Spiridon Siouris
  • Timothy Shepherd
  • Christopher Wilson
  • Simon Blakey

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • The University of Sheffield
  • Rolls Royce PLC
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering


The capabilities of the Lubricant System Interaction Simulator (LSIS) are demonstrated by presenting the results from a 1,000-h thermal oxidative degradation test of an MIL-PRF- 23699F lubricant. These results are compared with data from two in-service gas turbine engines using the same oil but under different conditions so that a range of operating regimes can be represented. The results showed that the viscosity changed, in accordance with the two engines, from 26.5 to 28.3 mm2/s. The change in total acid number was higher than expected, identifying areas for improvement. The antioxidant level reached 30%, which is between the 25 and 45% levels observed from the two engines. The antiwear and metal deactivator additives reached steady-state concentration levels of 95 and 20%, respectively. The results obtained from this test verified the significant potential of this facility as a reliable means of testing lubricants in an environment that is closely related to gas turbine lubrication system operating conditions.

Bibliographic note

Copyright: Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalTribology Transactions
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Aviation Lubricants, Gas Turbines, LSIS, MIL-PRF-23699F, Thermal Oxidative Degradation