Development of an analytical reaction kinetics mathematical model based on thermogravimetric data for reclaimed plastic waste from active landfills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Sultan Majed Al-Salem
  • Hajar Jawad Karam
  • Majed Hameed Al-Wadi
  • Gary Leeke

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research

Abstract

Landfill mining (i.e. waste reclamation) has been receiving renewed attention in research circles. This strategy provides a solution to the overgrowing problem of land use for the classical solution of landfilling. In addition, it provides added value for the materials recovered with a potential of boosting local economies, especially considering circular economy market development. In this work, the degradation kinetics were investigated for solid waste retrieved from three active landfill sites. The landfill sites operate unsanitary processing schemes for the management of the municipal solid waste they receive. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to study the micro-kinetics using standardized ICTAC methods, which yielded an apparent activation energy (Ea) for one of the sites in the range of 100 to 121 kJ mol-1 using the Criado method. Another site showed a range between 87 to 107 kJ mol-1 using the same method. The Avrami-Erofeev expression for degradation mechanism was identified as the prevailing one based on the analysis conducted. Furthermore, an analytical solution model based on reaction order and degradation curves’ initial and final set-points was developed to yield the desired parameters in a more realistic manner. We conclude that the type of waste, period of burial and sensitivity of kinetic models used are the most prevailing parameters in determining reaction mechanisms and kinetics expressions, which effect the development of industrial units that use thermal kinetics data for their design of treating various waste components.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) and the British Council/UK-Gulf Institutional Links for funding research project EM103C. We would also like to thank Kuwait Municipality (KM) for their support towards field work activities reported in this communication. The authors would like to thank the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences (KFAS) for funding this scientific mission. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 WIT Press. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-196
Number of pages12
JournalWIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
Volume247
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Kinetics, Landfill mining, Landfilling, Thermogravimetry, Thermolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas