Development and validation of the Male Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (MRMAS)

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  • University of West London


Despite growing recognition of male-on-male rape and its related myths, research in this area has been held back by the lack of a reliable and comprehensive measure or scale. The present work utilises a large and diverse participant sample over two studies (Study 1 N = 510, Study 2 N = 527) to validate a new Male Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (MRMAS), measuring myths falling under six principle themes: masculinity, sexuality, pleasure, perpetrators, context, and effect. Analysis suggested a two-factor scale, with 'Blame' and 'Minimisation/Exoneration' sub-scales. Both the overall scale and sub-scales demonstrate excellent reliability and construct validity, and are thus proposed as tools to enable the proliferation of future research on male rape myth acceptance, both in general and specialist populations, in an attempt to improve the experiences of male rape victims.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere07421
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2021


  • rape, male rape, rape myth, validation, scale