Descriptive classification of the impact failure modes of spherical particles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • AD Salman
  • GK Reynolds
  • JS Fu
  • YS Cheong
  • CA Biggs
  • DA Gorham
  • J Lukenics
  • MJ Hounslow

Colleges, School and Institutes


Based on observations of single impact studies of spherical coherent and agglomerate particles made from a wide range of materials, a classification of failure modes is presented involving low, intermedite. It is based on low, intermediate, and high velocity regimes. The work allows a point of reference for the expected failure modes under impact conditions of spherical particles made from many different materials. Interestingly, there is considerably greater diversity of modes in the low compared with the high velocity regimes. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalPowder Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004


  • spherical particles, impact failure modes, velocity regimes