Dentinogenic effects of extracted dentin matrix components digested with matrix metalloproteinases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Dentin is primarily composed of hydroxyapatite crystals within a rich organic matrix. The organic matrix comprises collagenous structural components, within which a variety of bioactive molecules are sequestered. During caries progression, dentin is degraded by acids and enzymes derived from various sources, which can release bioactive molecules with potential reparative activity towards the dentin-pulp complex. While these molecules’ repair activities in other tissues are already known, their biological effects are unclear in relation to degradation events during disease in the dentin-pulp complex. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of dentin matrix components (DMCs) that are partially digested by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in vitro and in vivo during wound healing of the dentin-pulp complex. DMCs were initially isolated from healthy dentin and treated with recombinant MMPs. Subsequently, their effects on the behaviour of primary pulp cells were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Digested DMCs modulated a range of pulp cell functions in vitro. In addition, DMCs partially digested with MMP-20 stimulated tertiary dentin formation in vivo, which exhibited a more regular tubular structure than that induced by treatment with other MMPs. Our results indicate that MMP-20 may be especially effective in stimulating wound healing of the dentin-pulp complex.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number10690
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Mechanisms of disease, Dental caries