Degradation of a novel DNA damage response protein, tankyrase 1 binding protein 1, following adenovirus infection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Ellis Ryan
  • Robert Hollingworth
  • Manon Vavasseur
  • Viktoria Kolbe
  • Thomas Speisder
  • Thomas Dobner
  • Roger Grand

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

ABSTRACT Infection by most DNA viruses activates a cellular DNA damage response (DDR), which may be to the detriment or advantage of the virus. In the case of adenoviruses, they neutralize antiviral effects of DDR activation by targeting a number of proteins for rapid proteasome-mediated degradation. We have now identified a novel DDR protein, tankyrase 1 binding protein 1 (TNKS1BP1) (also known as Tab182), which is degraded during infection by adenovirus serotype 5 and adenovirus serotype 12. In both cases, degradation requires the action of the E1B55K and E4orf6 viral proteins and is mediated through the proteasome by the action of cullin-based cellular E3 ligases. The
degradation of Tab182 appears to be serotype specific, as the protein remains relatively stable following infection with adenovirus serotypes 4, 7, 9, and 11. We have gone on to confirm that Tab182 is an integral component of the CNOT complex, which has transcriptional regulatory, deadenylation, and E3 ligase activities. The levels of at least 2 other members of the complex (CNOT3 and CNOT7) are also reduced during adenovirus infection, whereas the levels of CNOT4 and CNOT1 remain stable. The depletion of Tab182 with small interfering RNA (siRNA) enhances the expression of E1As to a limited extent during adenovirus infection, but the depletion of CNOT1 is particularly advantageous to the virus and results in a marked increase in the expression of adenovirus early proteins. In addition, the depletion of Tab182 and CNOT1 results in a limited increase in the viral DNA level during infection. We conclude that the cellular CNOT complex is a previously unidentified major target for adenoviruses during infection

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numberJVI.02034-17
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of virology
Early online date28 Mar 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • adenovirus , adenovirus E1B55k , Tab182 , TNKS1BP1 , CNOT complex , CNOT1