Deep Multiphysics and Particle–Neuron Duality: A Computational Framework Coupling (Discrete) Multiphysics and Deep Learning

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Colleges, School and Institutes


There are two common ways of coupling first-principles modelling and machine learning. In one case, data are transferred from the machine-learning algorithm to the first-principles model; in the other, from the first-principles model to the machine-learning algorithm. In both cases, the coupling is in series: the two components remain distinct, and data generated by one model are subsequently fed into the other. Several modelling problems, however, require in-parallel coupling, where the first-principle model and the machine-learning algorithm work together at the same time rather than one after the other. This study introduces deep multiphysics; a computational framework that couples first-principles modelling and machine learning in parallel rather than in series. Deep multiphysics works with particle-based first-principles modelling techniques. It is shown that the mathematical algorithms behind several particle methods and artificial neural networks are similar to the point that can be unified under the notion of particle–neuron duality. This study explains in detail the particle–neuron duality and how deep multiphysics works both theoretically and in practice. A case study, the design of a microfluidic device for separating cell populations with different levels of stiffness, is discussed to achieve this aim.


Original languageEnglish
Article number5369
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2019


  • mathematical modelling, discrete multiphysics, coupling artificial intelligence with first-principle modelling, computer simulations