Decomposition behaviour of Mn(BH4)(2) formed by ball-milling LiBH4 and MnCl2

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Manganese borohydride-based materials are of interest for hydrogen storage, as the Mn(BH4)(2) compound has a theoretical hydrogen capacity of 9.53 wt.%. However, more needs to be known about the decomposition behaviour, in order to try to introduce reversibility. In this work, samples were prepared by ball-milling xLiBH(4) and MnCl2 (where x = 2 or 3). The Mn(BH4) 2 phase had XRD reflections consistent with the P3(1)12 structure proposed by Cerny et al., and Raman spectroscopy indicted that the [BH4](-) units were in an ionic tetrahedral configuration. The 3LiBH(4) + MnCl2 sample contained excess LiBH4 which exhibited an orthorhombic to hexagonal phase change at 93 degrees C indicating partial substitution of Cl- for [BH4](-). Thermal decomposition of Mn(BH4)(2) occurred between 130 and 181 degrees C for the 2LiBH(4) + MnCl2 sample and 105-145 degrees C for 3LiBH(4) + MnCl2, with the concurrent evolution of hydrogen and diborane. Analysis of the decomposition products shows the formation of amorphous boron, and the probable formation of manganese metal (deduced from the presence of manganese oxide in a sample subsequently exposed to air). (C) 2011 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-38
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012


  • Raman spectroscopy, Manganese borohydride, Hydrogen storage, Thermogravimetric analysis, Complex hydride, Mechanochemical synthesis