Decay pathways of excited electronic states of Group IV tetrafluoro and tetrachloro molecular ions studied with synchrotron radiation

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This paper describes experiments to probe the dynamics and decay pathways of the C̃ 2T2 and D̃ 2A1 excited electronic states of Group IV tetrahalide molecular ions MX+4 (M=C, Si, Ge; X=F, Cl) in the gas phase. Tunable vacuum UV radiation from a synchrotron source is used to ionize MX4 into these electronic states of MX+4. Flouorescence from ions initially produced or from fragments is monitored undispersed by a suitable pm tube. When the synchrotron is operated cw, such synchrotron‐induced fluorescence spectra give energy thresholds for fluorescence, and in favorable cases an estimate of the fluorescence quantum yield (of MX+4 C̃ or D̃) can be made. When the synchrotron is operated pulsed, radiative lifetimes can be measured as a function of excitation energy. The fluorides and chlorides display very different decay properties. The dynamical behavior of these states is rationalized (a) with respect to their spectroscopic properties, and (b) with respect to the dissociation channels energetically ‘‘open’’ to them.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2683-2690
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1988