Dating the end of the Greek Bronze Age: a robust radiocarbon-based chronology from Assiros Toumba

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Over 60 recent analyses of animal bones, plant remains, and building timbers from Assiros in northern Greece form an unique series from the 14th to the 10th century BC. With the exception of Thera, the number of 14C determinations from other Late Bronze Age sites in Greece has been small and their contribution to chronologies minimal. The absolute dates determined for Assiros through Bayesian modelling are both consistent and unexpected, since they are systematically earlier than the conventional chronologies of southern Greece by between 70 and 100 years. They have not been skewed by reference to assumed historical dates used as priors. They support high rather than low Iron Age chronologies from Spain to Israel where the merits of each are fiercely debated but remain unresolved.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere106672
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2014


  • Radioactive carbon dating, Archaeological dating, Timber, Bayes theorem, Sequence analysis, Archaeology, Phase determination, Archaeological excavation