Cytoskeletal regulation of platelet formation: Coordination of F-actin and microtubules

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Platelets are small, anucleate blood cells which play an important role in haemostasis. Thrombocytopenia is a condition where the platelet count falls below 150 × 109/litre and patients suffering from severe forms of this condition can experience life-threatening bleeds requiring platelet transfusions. Platelets are produced from large progenitor cells called megakaryocytes which are found in the bone marrow. The process of megakaryocyte maturation and the formation of proplatelets are essential steps in the production of mature platelets and both depend heavily on the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons. Understanding these processes is important for the development of in vitro platelet production which will help to treat thrombocytopenia as well as produce model systems for studying platelet-associated disorders. This review will highlight some of the recent advances in our understanding of the role of the cytoskeleton in platelet production, especially the key molecules and signalling pathways that regulate actin and microtubule crosstalk.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69–74
JournalThe International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Volume66
Early online date23 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

Keywords

  • megakaryocyte, Platelets, proplatelet formation, actin, microtubules