Cutting resistance of metal-ceramic interpenetrating composites

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

External organisations

  • School of Materials Science & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 8002 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, PR China
  • Siemens AG, St.-Martins-Str. 76, 81541 Munich, Germany

Abstract

Metal-ceramic interpenetrating composites (IPCs) can be successfully manufactured by the pressureless infiltration of ceramic foams with molten metals. The resulting IPCs, in which both phases are three dimensionally continuous, have many potential applications, including wear and ballistic resistance amongst other uses. As these materials are extremely difficult to cut or machine, one potential application is for cut-resistant security materials. This project investigated their cutting resistance with a view to understanding the underpinning mechanisms.

The composites were produced by infiltrating Al-10 wt% Mg alloy into gel-cast spinel and mullite foams of different densities at atmospheric pressure. Samples were subject to cutting using a diamond slitting wheel to determine cutting rates under different conditions and the cut products, cutting tools and debris were characterised, primarily using a range of electron microscopy-based techniques. As expected, the cutting resistance was found to be largely dependent on the hardness of the IPCs, however evidence was also found of the role that is played by the continuous metallic phase. Plastic deformation can consume energy and bridge cracks; strain hardening under the twin actions of compression and shearing can enhance the hardness and strength of the metal at the cut tips and adhesive wear is believed to be the main origin of rapid tool failure. In addition, metal-ceramic IPCs produced via pressureless infiltration show very good interfacial bonding between the phases.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2815-2823
JournalCeramics International
Volume43
Early online date18 Nov 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Interpenetrating composites , Cutting resistance , Pressureless infiltration