Cuspal movement and microleakage in premolar teeth restored with resin-based filling materials cured using a 'soft-start' polymerisation protocol

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Colleges, School and Institutes


Objectives. To investigate the effect ofpolymerisation shrinkage strain offour posterior filling materials on cuspal movement, degree of conversion (DC) and cervical gingival microleakage of mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) restorations placed incrementally in maxillary premolar teeth using a 'soft-start' polymerisation protocol. Methods. Forty sound extracted upper premolar teeth were subjected to stanclardised preparation of a large MOD cavity before restoration. A 'soft-start' polymerisation curing regimen was used and each posterior filling material was placed in eight increments with the appropriate bonding system. A twin channel deflection measuring gauge allowed a measurement of individual cusp deflections at each stage of polymerisation. Restored teeth were thermocycled before immersion in a 0.2% basic fuchsin dye for 24h. After sagittal sectioning of the restored teeth in a mesio-distal plane, the sectioned restorations were examined to assess cervical microleakage. The DC was also assessed using a diffuse-reflectance accessory on a Fourier transform infra-red spectrophotometer. Results. A significant increase in cuspal movement recorded for Z100 (20.06 4.71) compared with Filtek Z250 (TM) (16.52 +/- 3.26), P60 (14.23 +/- 3.71) and Admira (11.11 +/- 2.47). No significant reduction in cuspal movement was identified when compared with a previous study [6] where a full-intensity standard polymerisation protocol was employed. No significant differences were also identified between the materials when the cervical gingival microleakage scores or DC were examined for the'soft-start' compared with the standard polymerisation protocol. Conclusions. Although material type remained a significant factor, the use of a 'soft-start' polymerization compared with a standard curing regime did not offer any significant reduction in associated cuspal movement, DC or gingival microleakage at the cervical dentine cavosurface margin of the cavities restored with the resin-based filling materials. (c) 2006 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637 - 643
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • gingival microleakage, ormocer, soft-start polymerisation, resin-based composite, cuspal movement