Controlling the properties of additively manufactured cellular structures using machine learning approaches

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Hany Hassanin
  • Yusra Alkendi
  • Mahmoud El-Sayed
  • Khamis Essa
  • Yahya Zweiri

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Kingston University
  • University of Liverpool
  • 1Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport


Cellular structures are lightweight-engineered materials that have gained much attention with the development of additive manufacturing technologies. This paper introduces a precise approach to predict the mechanical properties of additively manufactured lattice structures using deep learning approaches. Diamond shaped nodal lattice structures were designed by varying strut length, strut diameter and strut orientation angle. The samples were manufactured using laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) of Ti-64 alloy and subjected to compression testing to measure the ultimate strength, elastic modulus, and specific strength. Machine learning approaches such as shallow neural network (SNN), deep neural network (DNN), and deep learning neural network (DLNN) were developed and compared to the statistical design of experiment (DoE) approach. The trained DLNN model showed the highest performance when compared to DNN, DoE and SNN with a mean percentage error of 5.26%, 14.60%, and 9.39% for the ultimate strength, elastic modulus, and specific strength, respectively. The DLNN model was used to create process maps, and was further validated. The results showed that although deep learning is preferred for big data, the optimised DLNN model outperformed the statistical DoE approach and can be a favourable tool for lattice structure prediction with limited data.


Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Early online date5 Feb 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Feb 2020


  • deep learning, lattices, LPBF