Contact lens technology: from fundamentals to applications

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Imperial College London


Contact lenses are ocular prosthetic devices used by over 150 million people worldwide. Primary applications of contact lenses include vision correction, therapeutics, and cosmetics. Contact lens materials have significantly evolved over time to minimize adverse effects associated with contact lens wearing, to maintain a regular corneal metabolism, and to preserve tear film stability. This article encompasses contact lens technology, including materials, chemical and physical properties, manufacturing processes, microbial contamination, and ocular complications. The function and the composition of the tear fluid are discussed to assess its potential as a diagnostic media. The regulatory standards of contact lens devices with regard to biocompatibility and contact lens market are presented. Future prospects in contact lens technology are evaluated, with particular interest given to theranostic applications for in situ continuous monitoring the ocular physiology.

Bibliographic note

© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Original languageEnglish
Article number1900368
Number of pages24
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Issue number15
Early online date11 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • biocompatibility, biomarkers, contact lenses, polymers, tear fluid