Constraining differential rotation of Sun-like stars from asteroseismic and starspot rotation periods

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Colleges, School and Institutes


In previous work, we identified six Sun-like stars observed by Kepler with exceptionally clear asteroseismic signatures of rotation. Here, we show that five of these stars exhibit surface variability suitable for measuring rotation. We compare the rotation periods obtained from light-curve variability with those from asteroseismology in order to further constrain differential rotation. The two rotation measurement methods are found to agree within uncertainties, suggesting that radial differential rotation is weak, as is the case for the Sun. Furthermore, we find significant discrepancies between ages from asteroseismology and from three different gyrochronology relations, implying that stellar age estimation is problematic even for Sun-like stars.


Original languageEnglish
Article numberA10
Number of pages5
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Early online date29 Sep 2015
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • asteroseismology, methods: data analysis, stars: solar-type, stars: rotation, starspots