Consequences of disruption of the interaction between p53 and the larger adenovirus early region 1B protein in adenovirus E1 transformed human cells
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Colleges, School and Institutes
The adenovirus early region 1B (Ad E1B) genes have no transforming capability of their own but markedly increase the transformation frequency of Ad E1A following co-transfection into mammalian cells. The larger E1B proteins of both Ad2/5 and Ad12 bind to p53 and inhibit its ability to transcriptionaliy activate other genes. We have previously demonstrated that synthetic peptides identical to the binding sites for p53 on both the Ad2 and Ad12 E1B proteins will disrupt the interaction in vivo and in vivo. In the work presented here we have examined the effects of complex dissociation on Ad E1-transformed human cells. It has been shown, using confocal microscopy, that when the peptide identical to the p53 binding site was added to Ad5 E1-transformed cells it initally located in the cytoplasmic dense bodies where it caused disruption of the p53/E1B complex, Peptide and p53 then translocated to the nucleus. In Ad12 E1-transformed cells the peptide localized in the nucleus directly and there caused a reorganization of p53 staining from a highly organized, 'flecked' distribution to one in which nuclear staining was homogeneous and diffuse. Peptides added to either Ad5 E1 or Ad12 E1 transformed cells resulted in the release of transcriptionally active p53. Interestingly, the level of p53 then fell presumably as a result of proteasomal action - this was probably a reflection of the short half-life of 'free' (i.e. dissociated) p53 compared to that of the bound protein. Free p53 did not cause apoptosis in target cells probably due to the presence of the smaller (19K) E1B proteins. However, addition of peptide leads to a significant reduction in cell growth rate. We have further demonstrated that a significant proportion of those cells which had taken up peptide had ceased DNA synthesis, probably due to a p53-induced cell cycle arrest. The role of the larger E1B protein during transformation is considered in view of these data.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Jan 2000|