Confluences of the Painlevé equations, Cherednik algebras and q-Askey scheme

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Abstract

In this paper we produce seven new algebras as confluences of the Cherednik algebra of type $\check {{{{C}_{1}}}}\,{{C}_{1}}$ and we characterise their spherical-sub-algebras.

The limit of the spherical sub-algebra of the Cherednik algebra of type $\check {{{{C}_{1}}}}\,{{C}_{1}}$ is the monodromy manifold of the Painlevé VI equation (Oblomkov 2004 Int. Math. Res. Not. 2004 877–912). Here we prove that by considering the limits of the spherical sub-algebras of our new confluent algebras, one obtains the monodromy manifolds of all other Painlevé differential equations. Moreover, we introduce confluent versions of the Zhedanov algebra and prove that each of them (quotiented by their Casimir) is isomorphic to the corresponding spherical sub-algebra of our new confluent Cherednik algebras. We show that in the basic representation our confluent Zhedanov algebras act as symmetries of certain elements of the q-Askey scheme, thus setting a stepping stone towards the solution of the open problem of finding the corresponding quantum algebra for each element of the q-Askey scheme.

These results establish a new link between the theory of the Painlevé equations and the theory of the q-Askey scheme making a step towards the construction of a representation theoretic approach for the Painlevé theory.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number2565
JournalNonlinearity
Volume29
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2016