Confidence and Response Time as Indicators of Eyewitness Identification Accuracy in the Lab and in the Real World

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Confidence and Response Time as Indicators of Eyewitness Identification Accuracy in the Lab and in the Real World. / Seale-Carlisle, Travis M.; Colloff, Melissa F.; Flowe, Heather D.; Wells, William; Wixted, John T.; Mickes, Laura.

In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Vol. 8, No. 4, 12.2019, p. 420-428.

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@article{7d2585413a4742209b5612fc44e8037b,
title = "Confidence and Response Time as Indicators of Eyewitness Identification Accuracy in the Lab and in the Real World",
abstract = "The criminal justice system should consider the confidence an eyewitness expresses when making an identification at the time the initial lineup procedure is conducted. High confidence expressed at this time typically indicates high accuracy in the identification. Because the suspect identification—not filler identifications or no identifications – matters most in the court of law, confidence-accuracy characteristic (CAC) analysis provides information most relevant to stakeholders. However, just as high confidence identifications indicate high accuracy, fast identifications may also indicate high accuracy. We tested whether a new technique that is similar to CAC analysis, called response time-accuracy characteristic (RAC) analysis, could inform stakeholders about the likely accuracy of an identification while usefully summarizing response time data. We argue this is the case in the lab and in the real world. Furthermore, CAC and RAC results are not completely redundant so both, considered together, are useful to the criminal justice system.",
keywords = "Confidence, Eyewitness identification, Police lineup, Response time, Response-time accuracy characteristic analysis, Simultaneous lineup",
author = "Seale-Carlisle, {Travis M.} and Colloff, {Melissa F.} and Flowe, {Heather D.} and William Wells and Wixted, {John T.} and Laura Mickes",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.09.003",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "420--428",
journal = "Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition",
issn = "2211-3681",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Confidence and Response Time as Indicators of Eyewitness Identification Accuracy in the Lab and in the Real World

AU - Seale-Carlisle, Travis M.

AU - Colloff, Melissa F.

AU - Flowe, Heather D.

AU - Wells, William

AU - Wixted, John T.

AU - Mickes, Laura

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - The criminal justice system should consider the confidence an eyewitness expresses when making an identification at the time the initial lineup procedure is conducted. High confidence expressed at this time typically indicates high accuracy in the identification. Because the suspect identification—not filler identifications or no identifications – matters most in the court of law, confidence-accuracy characteristic (CAC) analysis provides information most relevant to stakeholders. However, just as high confidence identifications indicate high accuracy, fast identifications may also indicate high accuracy. We tested whether a new technique that is similar to CAC analysis, called response time-accuracy characteristic (RAC) analysis, could inform stakeholders about the likely accuracy of an identification while usefully summarizing response time data. We argue this is the case in the lab and in the real world. Furthermore, CAC and RAC results are not completely redundant so both, considered together, are useful to the criminal justice system.

AB - The criminal justice system should consider the confidence an eyewitness expresses when making an identification at the time the initial lineup procedure is conducted. High confidence expressed at this time typically indicates high accuracy in the identification. Because the suspect identification—not filler identifications or no identifications – matters most in the court of law, confidence-accuracy characteristic (CAC) analysis provides information most relevant to stakeholders. However, just as high confidence identifications indicate high accuracy, fast identifications may also indicate high accuracy. We tested whether a new technique that is similar to CAC analysis, called response time-accuracy characteristic (RAC) analysis, could inform stakeholders about the likely accuracy of an identification while usefully summarizing response time data. We argue this is the case in the lab and in the real world. Furthermore, CAC and RAC results are not completely redundant so both, considered together, are useful to the criminal justice system.

KW - Confidence

KW - Eyewitness identification

KW - Police lineup

KW - Response time

KW - Response-time accuracy characteristic analysis

KW - Simultaneous lineup

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075383672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.09.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.09.003

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85075383672

VL - 8

SP - 420

EP - 428

JO - Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition

JF - Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition

SN - 2211-3681

IS - 4

ER -