Conclusion: Critical and Relational Action Research for Policy Change and Sustainability Transitions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Erasmus University Rotterdam - Dutch Research Institute for Transitions


This chapter provides a cross-analysis of the critical-relational dynamics in the ten action research settings featured in this volume. We reflect on the diversity of action research approaches and the ways in which criticality and relationality are interpreted and enacted. We then provide a detailed discussion of what we can learn from the chapters about the different elements of our guiding framework for critical-relational action research—the starting point; multiple roles and relationships; hegemonic structures, cultures, and practices; and reflexivity, impact, and change. Finally, we identify key issues for future action research in policy analysis and transition research.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAction Research in Policy Analysis
Subtitle of host publicationCritical and Relational Approaches to Sustainability Transitions
EditorsKoen Bartels, Julia Wittmayer
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018