Composition and phase changes observed by magnetic resonance imaging during non-solvent induced coagulation of cellulose

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The coagulation of cellulose from solution in N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide by water was studied by stray field magnetic resonance imaging. Changes in composition and diffusion were readily observable at different depths within the cellulose gel. It was found that the composition changed relatively quickly, due to diffusive exchange of water and solvent, such that cellulose precipitation occurred deep within the bi-phasic region of the phase diagram. The expected spinodal decomposition mechanism was supported by electron microscopic observations of the cellulose morphology. Large increases in diffusion coefficient and relaxation times were attributable to the phase separation and the progressive development of pores within the gel. Moreover it appeared that the composition changes and evolution of morphology occurred over separate time-scales. (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5827-5837
Number of pages11
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


  • spinodal decomposition, magnetic resonance imaging, cellulose morphology