Comparison of magnetic resonance feature tracking for systolic and diastolic strain and strain rate calculation with spatial modulation of magnetization imaging analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • William E. Moody
  • Robin J. Taylor
  • Tiffany J. Taylor
  • Charles J. Ferro
  • Alistair A. Young
  • F. Leyva
  • Richard P. Steeds

External organisations

  • Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences; School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine; University of Birmingham; Edgbaston Birmingham UK
  • Centre for Advanced MRI; University of Auckland; Auckland New Zealand
  • Department of Cardiology; Nuffield House; Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham; Edgbaston Birmingham UK


To compare cardiovascular magnetic resonance-feature tracking (CMR-FT) with spatial modulation of magnetization (SPAMM) tagged imaging for the calculation of short and long axis Lagrangian strain measures in systole and diastole.

Materials and Methods
Healthy controls (n = 35) and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 10) were identified prospectively and underwent steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine imaging and SPAMM imaging using a gradient-echo sequence. A timed offline analysis of images acquired at identical horizontal long and short axis slice positions was performed using CMR-FT and dynamic tissue-tagging (CIMTag2D). Agreement between strain and strain rate (SR) values calculated using these two different methods was assessed using the Bland–Altman technique.

Across all participants, there was good agreement between CMR-FT and CIMTag for calculation of peak systolic global circumferential strain (−22.7 ± 6.2% vs. −22.5 ± 6.9%, bias 0.2 ± 4.0%) and SR (−1.35 ± 0.42 1/s vs. −1.22 ± 0.42 1/s, bias 0.13 ± 0.33 1/s) and early diastolic global circumferential SR (1.21 ± 0.44 1/s vs. 1.07 ± 0.30 1/s, bias −0.14 ± 0.34 1/s) at the subendocardium. There was satisfactory agreement for derivation of peak systolic global longitudinal strain (−18.1 ± 5.0% vs. −16.7 ± 4.8%, bias 1.3 ± 3.8%) and SR (−1.04 ± 0.29 1/s vs. −0.95 ± 0.32 1/s, bias 0.09 ± 0.26 1/s). The weakest agreement was for early diastolic global longitudinal SR (1.10 ± 0.40 1/s vs. 0.67 ± 0.32 1/s, bias −0.42 ± 0.40 1/s), although the correlation remained significant (r = 0.42, P < 0.01). CMR-FT generated these data over four times quicker than CIMTag.

There is sufficient agreement between systolic and diastolic strain measures calculated using CMR-FT and myocardial tagging for CMR-FT to be considered as a potentially feasible and rapid alternative.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1000–1012
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number4
Early online date28 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2015


  • cine magnetic resonance imaging, left ventricular function, tagging, feature tracking