Comparative physical-mechanical properties assessment of tailored surface-treated carbon fibres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Dionisis Semitekolos
  • Aikaterini Flora Trompeta
  • Iryna Husarova
  • Tamara Man'ko
  • Aleksandr Potapov
  • Olga Romenskaya
  • Mauro Giorcelli
  • Alberto Tagliaferro
  • Costas A. Charitidis

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • National Technical University of Athens
  • Yuzhnoye State Design Office
  • Politecnico di Torino


Carbon Fibres (CFs) are widely used in textile-reinforced composites for the construction of lightweight, durable structures. Since their inert surface does not allow effective bonding with the matrix material, the surface treatment of fibres is suggested to improve the adhesion between the two. In the present study, different surface modifications are compared in terms of the mechanical enhancement that they can offer to the fibres. Two main advanced technologies have been investigated; namely, plasma treatment and electrochemical treatment. Specifically, active screen plasma and low-pressure plasma were compared. Regarding the electrochemical modification, electrochemical oxidation and electropolymerisation of monomer solutions of acrylic and methacrylic acids, acrylonitrile and N-vinyl pyrrolidine were tested for HTA-40 CFs. In order to assess the effects of the surface treatments, the morphology, the physicochemical properties, as well as the mechanical integrity of the fibres were investigated. The CF surface and polymeric matrix interphase adhesion in composites were also analysed. The improvement of the carbon fibre's physical-mechanical properties was evident for the case of the active screen plasma treatment and the electrochemical oxidation.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: Funding: This research was funded by European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme “Modified cost effective fibre based structures with improved multi-functionality and performance” (MODCOMP), under agreement no. 685844. Funding Information: This research was funded by European Union's Horizon 2020 Programme "Modified cost effective fibre based structures with improved multi-functionality and performance" (MODCOMP), under agreement no. 685844. The authors would like to acknowledge the researcher P. Kainourgios (R-NanoLab, NTUA, Greece) for the preparation of the electropolymerised carbon fibres. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 by the authors. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Article number3136
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • Carbon fibres, Electrochemical treatment, Fibre/matrix bond, Mechanical properties, Physical properties, Plasma treatment, Surface properties, Tailored properties, Textile-reinforced composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas