Communication—supercritically-dried membranes and powders of >90% porosity silicon with pore volumes exceeding 4 cm3g-1

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Colleges, School and Institutes


Porous silicon structures can display full biodegradability into orthosilicic acid and are under development for medical uses such as drug delivery. Here we demonstrate optimized electrochemical etching and drying conditions to achieve ultrahigh porosity structures ("silicon aerocrystals"), which should enable ultrahigh nanostructured drug payloads. Supercritical drying (SCD) of detached 41 to 210 micron thick films from etched p + wafers generates structures with pore volumes 3.5 to 5.13 cm3 g−1, average pore diameters of 29 nm to 35 nm and surface areas 425 to 549 m2 g−1. For anodized p + wafers, the benefits of SCD vs air drying (AD) are primarily elevated pore volumes.


Original languageEnglish
Article number024016
Pages (from-to)024016
JournalECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2020