Combustion and Emissions of 2,5-Dimethylfuran in a Direct-Injection Spark-Ignition Engine

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Colleges, School and Institutes


Biomass has the potential to become an important source of energy for future automotive fuels. Recent biological and chemical improvements to the conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates have produced high yields of liquid 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF). This discovery has made DMF a possible substitute for petroleum-based gasoline, because they share very similar physicochemical properties, which are superior to those of ethanol. In the present study, experiments have been carried out on a single-cylinder gasoline direct-injection (GDI) research engine to study the performance of DMF benchmarked against gasoline and what is considered to be the current biofuel leader, ethanol. Initial results are very promising for DMF as a new biofuel; not only is the combustion performance similar to commercial gasoline, but the regulated emissions are also comparable.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2891-2899
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2010