Combating environmental irresponsibility of TNCs in Africa: an empirical analysis

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  • Coventry University


Environmental irresponsibility is one of the most prominent issues confronting host communities of transnational corporations (TNCs) engaged in production of economic goods and, sometimes, services. Drawing mainly on stakeholder theory, combined with legitimacy theory, this article addresses how host communities in Africa combat the challenge of environmental irresponsibility of TNCs. To illustrate the dimensions and dynamics of the challenge, this paper examines the experience of despoliation of Ogoniland by the oil giant, Shell, in Nigeria. The analysis draws attention to the significance of the role of individuals and civil society groups in securing accountability of one of the most formidable fronts of economic globalisation. The analysis is particularly relevant to the experience of environmental irresponsibility in the context of weak governance structures.

Bibliographic note

This submission has been published on Gold Open Access.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1372-1386
Journal Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability
Issue number11
Early online date15 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016


  • transnational corporations, legitimacy theory, environmental irresponsibility, stakeholder theory, accountability

ASJC Scopus subject areas