Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women : a longitudinal analysis. / Madigan, C D; Daley, A J; Kabir, E; Aveyard, P; Brown, W.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 39, No. 11, 11.2015, p. 1601-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{bc56ea69c3634bc9adcb7b56e49ee674,
title = "Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis",
abstract = "BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maintaining a healthy weight is important for the prevention of many chronic diseases. Little is known about the strategies used by young women to manage their weight, or the effectiveness of these in preventing weight gain. We aimed to identify clusters of weight control strategies used by women and to determine the average annual weight change among women in each cluster from 2000 to 2009.METHODS: Latent cluster analysis of weight control strategies reported by 8125 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health. Analyses were performed in March-November 2014.RESULTS: Weight control strategies were used by 79% of the women, and four unique clusters were found. The largest cluster group (39.7%) was named dieters as 90% had been on a diet in the past year, and half of these women had lost 5 kg on purpose. Women cut down on size of meals, fats and sugars and took part in vigorous physical activity. Additionally 20% had used a commercial programme. The next largest cluster (30.2%) was the healthy living group who followed the public health messages of 'eat less and move more'. The do nothing group (20%) did not actively control their weight whereas the perpetual dieters group (10.7%) used all strategies, including unhealthy behaviours. On average women gained 700 g per year (over 9 years); however, the perpetual dieters group gained significantly more weight (210 g) than the do nothing group (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Most women are actively trying to control their weight. The most successful approach was to follow the public health guidelines on health eating and physical activity.",
author = "Madigan, {C D} and Daley, {A J} and E Kabir and P Aveyard and W Brown",
year = "2015",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1038/ijo.2015.116",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "1601--6",
journal = "International Journal of Obesity",
issn = "0307-0565",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women

T2 - a longitudinal analysis

AU - Madigan, C D

AU - Daley, A J

AU - Kabir, E

AU - Aveyard, P

AU - Brown, W

PY - 2015/11

Y1 - 2015/11

N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maintaining a healthy weight is important for the prevention of many chronic diseases. Little is known about the strategies used by young women to manage their weight, or the effectiveness of these in preventing weight gain. We aimed to identify clusters of weight control strategies used by women and to determine the average annual weight change among women in each cluster from 2000 to 2009.METHODS: Latent cluster analysis of weight control strategies reported by 8125 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health. Analyses were performed in March-November 2014.RESULTS: Weight control strategies were used by 79% of the women, and four unique clusters were found. The largest cluster group (39.7%) was named dieters as 90% had been on a diet in the past year, and half of these women had lost 5 kg on purpose. Women cut down on size of meals, fats and sugars and took part in vigorous physical activity. Additionally 20% had used a commercial programme. The next largest cluster (30.2%) was the healthy living group who followed the public health messages of 'eat less and move more'. The do nothing group (20%) did not actively control their weight whereas the perpetual dieters group (10.7%) used all strategies, including unhealthy behaviours. On average women gained 700 g per year (over 9 years); however, the perpetual dieters group gained significantly more weight (210 g) than the do nothing group (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Most women are actively trying to control their weight. The most successful approach was to follow the public health guidelines on health eating and physical activity.

AB - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maintaining a healthy weight is important for the prevention of many chronic diseases. Little is known about the strategies used by young women to manage their weight, or the effectiveness of these in preventing weight gain. We aimed to identify clusters of weight control strategies used by women and to determine the average annual weight change among women in each cluster from 2000 to 2009.METHODS: Latent cluster analysis of weight control strategies reported by 8125 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health. Analyses were performed in March-November 2014.RESULTS: Weight control strategies were used by 79% of the women, and four unique clusters were found. The largest cluster group (39.7%) was named dieters as 90% had been on a diet in the past year, and half of these women had lost 5 kg on purpose. Women cut down on size of meals, fats and sugars and took part in vigorous physical activity. Additionally 20% had used a commercial programme. The next largest cluster (30.2%) was the healthy living group who followed the public health messages of 'eat less and move more'. The do nothing group (20%) did not actively control their weight whereas the perpetual dieters group (10.7%) used all strategies, including unhealthy behaviours. On average women gained 700 g per year (over 9 years); however, the perpetual dieters group gained significantly more weight (210 g) than the do nothing group (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Most women are actively trying to control their weight. The most successful approach was to follow the public health guidelines on health eating and physical activity.

U2 - 10.1038/ijo.2015.116

DO - 10.1038/ijo.2015.116

M3 - Article

C2 - 26095246

VL - 39

SP - 1601

EP - 1606

JO - International Journal of Obesity

JF - International Journal of Obesity

SN - 0307-0565

IS - 11

ER -