Clinical Impact of Asymptomatic Presentation Status in Patients With Paroxysmal and Sustained Atrial Fibrillation: The Fushimi AF Registry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Masahiro Esato
  • Yeong-hwa Chun
  • Yoshimori An
  • Hisashi Ogawa
  • Hiromichi Wada
  • Koji Hasegawa
  • Hikari Tsuji
  • Mitsuru Abe
  • Masaharu Akao

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Department of Arrhythmia, Ijinkai Takeda General Hospital
  • Department of Cardiology, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center
  • Division of Translational Research, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center
  • Tsuji Clinic

Abstract

Background: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of asymptomatic patients with paroxysmal or persistent/permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) are largely unknown. Methods: The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of patients with AF who visited the participating medical institutions in Fushimi-ku, Japan. We investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of asymptomatic versus symptomatic patients in the paroxysmal AF (PAF; n = 1,837) and persistent/permanent (sustained atrial fibrillation [SAF]; n = 1,912) subgroups. Results: In the PAF group, asymptomatic patients were older (asymptomatic vs symptomatic group, 74.1 vs 71.1 years of age; P < .01), more often male (62.1% vs 55.6%; P < .01), and had a higher CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥ 75 years, diabetes mellitus, history of stroke, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, and female sex) score (mean, 3.37 ± 1.73 vs 2.99 ± 1.63; P < .01), whereas the prevalence of major co-morbidities and CHA2DS2-VASc scores were comparable in the SAF group. Multivariable analysis indicated that age (≥ 75 years), history of stroke/systemic embolism, male sex, and chronic kidney disease were independent determinants of asymptomatic status in the PAF group, whereas age was nonsignificant in the SAF group. During the follow-up period, all-cause mortality was significantly higher (hazard ratio, 1.71 [95% CI, 1.31-2.29]; P < .01) in asymptomatic patients compared with symptomatic patients in the PAF group, whereas it was comparable in the SAF group. Conclusions: Asymptomatic clinical status is associated with older age, male sex, more co-morbidities with a higher stroke risk profile, and a higher incidence of all-cause death in patients with PAF; these characteristics and outcomes were not seen in the SAF group.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalChest
Early online date16 Aug 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Aug 2017