«Christian nations»? Ethnic Christianity and anti-immigration attitudes in four Western European countries

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Despite a general decline in religious belief and practice in Europe, questions of national religious heritage have become increasingly salient in recent public debates about immigration and integration. Using data from the 2008 International Social Survey Programme (Religion III module), this study explores associations between individual religiosity and attitudes to immigration in four Western European countries: Great Britain, the Netherlands, Ireland and Denmark. Multivariate analysis reveals contrasting associations. Identifying with a Christian religion makes one more likely to think immigration is a threat to national identity, whereas regular church attendance reduces this effect. Despite national differences, the results from all four countries indicate a prevalence of Cultural or Ethnic Christianity, where religion is used to identify with national traditions or ethnic heritage rather than faith.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-96
Number of pages22
JournalNordic Journal of Religion and Society
Volume24
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Christianity, Europe, Immigration, National identity, Religious identity

ASJC Scopus subject areas