Chemokine-mediated tissue recruitment of CXCR3+ CD4+ T cells plays a major role in the pathogenesis of chronic GVHD

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Chemokines regulate the migration of hemopoietic cells and play an important role in the pathogenesis of many immune-mediated diseases. Intradermal recruitment of CD8(+) T cells by CXCL10 is a central feature of the pathogenesis of cutaneous acute GVHD (aGVHD), but very little is known about the pathogenesis of chronic GVHD (cGVHD). Serum concentrations of the 3 CXCR3-binding chemokines, CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11, were found to be markedly increased in patients with active cGVHD of the skin (n = 8). An 80% decrease in CD4(+) cells expressing CXCR3 was seen in the blood of these patients (n = 5), whereas CD4(+) cells were increased in tissue biopsies and were clustered around the central arterioles of the dermis. The well-documented increase in expression of CXCL10 in aGVHD therefore diversifies in cGVHD to include additional members of the CXCR3-binding family and leads to preferential recruitment of CD4(+) T cells. These observations reveal a central role for chemokine-mediated recruitment of CXCR3(+) T cells in cGVHD.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4246-55
Number of pages10
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2012