Challenge and threat states: examining cardiovascular, cognitive, and affective responses to two distinct laboratory stress tasks

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@article{6478ca4ddd85410c8ea109235bb391be,
title = "Challenge and threat states:: examining cardiovascular, cognitive, and affective responses to two distinct laboratory stress tasks",
abstract = "Background: The theory of challenge and threat states in athletes (TCTSA) proposes psychological antecedents will predict psychological and cardiovascular responses to stress. The present study investigated this theory in two contextually different stress tasks.Method: 78 males completed a computerised competition and a public speaking task. Cardiovascular activity was measured with impedance cardiography and a blood pressure monitor. Challenge and threat antecedents, indicators of challenge and threat and emotions were assessed pre- and post-tasks.Results: Both tasks induced significant perturbations in cardiovascular activity and were perceived as highly challenging. Reported perceived threat was higher in the public speaking task compared to the competition task. Associations between the proposed antecedents, self-report and cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat and emotions support the TCTSA for the competition task, but less so for the public speaking task.Conclusion: The TCTSA is supported during competitive stress, however during social stress there is dissociation between self-report appraisals and cardiovascular reactivity.",
keywords = "cardiovascular reactivity , challenge and threat , TCTSA , biopsychosocial , cognitive appraisals , psychological stress",
author = "Gavin Trotman and Sarah Williams and Mary Quinton and {Veldhuijzen van Zanten}, Joachimina",
year = "2018",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.02.004",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "42--51",
journal = "International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Challenge and threat states:

T2 - examining cardiovascular, cognitive, and affective responses to two distinct laboratory stress tasks

AU - Trotman, Gavin

AU - Williams, Sarah

AU - Quinton, Mary

AU - Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Joachimina

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Background: The theory of challenge and threat states in athletes (TCTSA) proposes psychological antecedents will predict psychological and cardiovascular responses to stress. The present study investigated this theory in two contextually different stress tasks.Method: 78 males completed a computerised competition and a public speaking task. Cardiovascular activity was measured with impedance cardiography and a blood pressure monitor. Challenge and threat antecedents, indicators of challenge and threat and emotions were assessed pre- and post-tasks.Results: Both tasks induced significant perturbations in cardiovascular activity and were perceived as highly challenging. Reported perceived threat was higher in the public speaking task compared to the competition task. Associations between the proposed antecedents, self-report and cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat and emotions support the TCTSA for the competition task, but less so for the public speaking task.Conclusion: The TCTSA is supported during competitive stress, however during social stress there is dissociation between self-report appraisals and cardiovascular reactivity.

AB - Background: The theory of challenge and threat states in athletes (TCTSA) proposes psychological antecedents will predict psychological and cardiovascular responses to stress. The present study investigated this theory in two contextually different stress tasks.Method: 78 males completed a computerised competition and a public speaking task. Cardiovascular activity was measured with impedance cardiography and a blood pressure monitor. Challenge and threat antecedents, indicators of challenge and threat and emotions were assessed pre- and post-tasks.Results: Both tasks induced significant perturbations in cardiovascular activity and were perceived as highly challenging. Reported perceived threat was higher in the public speaking task compared to the competition task. Associations between the proposed antecedents, self-report and cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat and emotions support the TCTSA for the competition task, but less so for the public speaking task.Conclusion: The TCTSA is supported during competitive stress, however during social stress there is dissociation between self-report appraisals and cardiovascular reactivity.

KW - cardiovascular reactivity

KW - challenge and threat

KW - TCTSA

KW - biopsychosocial

KW - cognitive appraisals

KW - psychological stress

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.02.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.02.004

M3 - Article

VL - 126

SP - 42

EP - 51

JO - International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

JF - International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

ER -