Cavity remaining dentin thickness and pulpal activity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate pulpal injury by measuring odontoblast numbers, and pulp dentin repair activity by measuring reactionary dentin area, in relation to the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) of cavity preparations in 217 human teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cavities were restored with adhesive bonded composite, resin-modified glass-ionomer cement, zinc oxide-eugenol or calcium hydroxide materials. The teeth were extracted for orthodontic reasons between 20-381 days post-operatively, and odontoblast numbers and reactionary dentin area were analyzed histomorphometrically, and statistically using ANOVA. RESULTS: Reactionary dentin deposition was observed beneath cavities with a RDT above 0.5 mm as well as beneath cavities with a RDT below 0.25 mm; however maximal reactionary dentin appeared to be beneath cavities with an a RDT between 0.5-0.25 mm (P= 0.0001). The area of reactionary repair was also influenced by the choice of restoration material (P= 0.0385) from greatest to least; calcium hydroxide, composite, resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and zinc oxide-eugenol. Odontoblast numbers were maintained beneath cavities with a RDT above 0.25 mm, cavities placed closer to the pulp appeared to injure underlying odontoblasts, reducing their numbers (P= 0.0001). The choice of cavity restoration material also influenced the survival of underlying odontoblasts (P= 0.0061).

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-6
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Dentistry
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2002