Cathode design for proton exchange membrane fuel cells in automotive applications

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Cathode design for proton exchange membrane fuel cells in automotive applications. / Wang, Haojie; Wang, Ruiqing; Sui, Sheng; Sun, Tai; Yan, Yichang; Du, Shangfeng.

In: Automotive Innovation, Vol. 4, No. 2, 05.2021, p. 144-164.

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Wang, Haojie ; Wang, Ruiqing ; Sui, Sheng ; Sun, Tai ; Yan, Yichang ; Du, Shangfeng. / Cathode design for proton exchange membrane fuel cells in automotive applications. In: Automotive Innovation. 2021 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 144-164.

Bibtex

@article{c6d35d34a0f744a29999512bfe5cbd22,
title = "Cathode design for proton exchange membrane fuel cells in automotive applications",
abstract = "An advanced cathode design can improve the power performance and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), thus reducing the stack cost of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). Recent studies on highly active Pt alloy catalysts, short-side-chain polyfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA) ionomer and 3D-ordered electrodes have imparted PEMFCs with boosted power density. To achieve the compacted stack target of 6 kW/L or above for the wide commercialization of FCVs, developing available cathodes for high-power-density operation is critical for the PEMFC. However, current developments still remain extremely challenging with respect to highly active and stable catalysts in practical operation, controlled distribution of ionomer on the catalyst surface for reducing catalyst poisoning and oxygen penetration losses and 3D (three-dimensional)-ordered catalyst layers with low Knudsen diffusion losses of oxygen molecular. This review paper focuses on impacts of the cathode development on automotive fuel cell systems and concludes design directions to provide the greatest benefit.",
keywords = "Fuel cell vehicles, Ionomer, Mass transport, Cathode, Proton exchange membrane fuel cell, PEMFC, FCV, Electrode, Catalyst layer, Catalyst, Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR)",
author = "Haojie Wang and Ruiqing Wang and Sheng Sui and Tai Sun and Yichang Yan and Shangfeng Du",
note = "Funding Information: SD would like to acknowledge support from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC, EP/L015749/1). SS gratefully acknowledges the financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant agreement No 21576164. Thanks are also to the support from Guangdong Academy of Sciences project (2019 GDASYL-0503005). Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021, The Author(s).",
year = "2021",
month = may,
doi = "10.1007/s42154-021-00148-y",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "144--164",
journal = "Automotive Innovation",
issn = "2096-4250",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cathode design for proton exchange membrane fuel cells in automotive applications

AU - Wang, Haojie

AU - Wang, Ruiqing

AU - Sui, Sheng

AU - Sun, Tai

AU - Yan, Yichang

AU - Du, Shangfeng

N1 - Funding Information: SD would like to acknowledge support from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC, EP/L015749/1). SS gratefully acknowledges the financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant agreement No 21576164. Thanks are also to the support from Guangdong Academy of Sciences project (2019 GDASYL-0503005). Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s).

PY - 2021/5

Y1 - 2021/5

N2 - An advanced cathode design can improve the power performance and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), thus reducing the stack cost of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). Recent studies on highly active Pt alloy catalysts, short-side-chain polyfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA) ionomer and 3D-ordered electrodes have imparted PEMFCs with boosted power density. To achieve the compacted stack target of 6 kW/L or above for the wide commercialization of FCVs, developing available cathodes for high-power-density operation is critical for the PEMFC. However, current developments still remain extremely challenging with respect to highly active and stable catalysts in practical operation, controlled distribution of ionomer on the catalyst surface for reducing catalyst poisoning and oxygen penetration losses and 3D (three-dimensional)-ordered catalyst layers with low Knudsen diffusion losses of oxygen molecular. This review paper focuses on impacts of the cathode development on automotive fuel cell systems and concludes design directions to provide the greatest benefit.

AB - An advanced cathode design can improve the power performance and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), thus reducing the stack cost of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). Recent studies on highly active Pt alloy catalysts, short-side-chain polyfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA) ionomer and 3D-ordered electrodes have imparted PEMFCs with boosted power density. To achieve the compacted stack target of 6 kW/L or above for the wide commercialization of FCVs, developing available cathodes for high-power-density operation is critical for the PEMFC. However, current developments still remain extremely challenging with respect to highly active and stable catalysts in practical operation, controlled distribution of ionomer on the catalyst surface for reducing catalyst poisoning and oxygen penetration losses and 3D (three-dimensional)-ordered catalyst layers with low Knudsen diffusion losses of oxygen molecular. This review paper focuses on impacts of the cathode development on automotive fuel cell systems and concludes design directions to provide the greatest benefit.

KW - Fuel cell vehicles

KW - Ionomer

KW - Mass transport

KW - Cathode

KW - Proton exchange membrane fuel cell

KW - PEMFC

KW - FCV

KW - Electrode

KW - Catalyst layer

KW - Catalyst

KW - Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85104973170&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s42154-021-00148-y

DO - 10.1007/s42154-021-00148-y

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 144

EP - 164

JO - Automotive Innovation

JF - Automotive Innovation

SN - 2096-4250

IS - 2

ER -