Candidiasis of the central nervous system in neonates and children with primary immunodeficiencies
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Colleges, School and Institutes
- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Purpose of review: Candida infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are a life-threatening complication of invasive infections that most often affect vulnerable groups of patients, including neonates and children with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PID). Here, we review the currently known risk factors for CNS candidiasis, focusing predominantly on the PID caused by biallelic mutations in CARD9.
Recent findings: How the CNS is protected itself against fungal invasion is poorly understood. CARD9 promotes neutrophil recruitment and function, and is the only molecule shown to be critical for protection against CNS candidiasis in humans thus far.
Summary: Fundamental insights into the pathogenesis of CNS candidiasis gained from studying rare CARD9-deficient patients has significant implications for other patients at risk for this disease, such as CARD9-sufficient neonates. These findings will be important for the development of adjunctive immune-based therapies, which are urgently needed to tackle the global burden of invasive fungal diseases.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Current Fungal Infection Reports|
|Early online date||8 May 2018|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2018|
- Brain, Candida, Candidiasis, CARD9, Neonates, Neutrophils