Candidiasis of the central nervous system in neonates and children with primary immunodeficiencies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


Purpose of review: Candida infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are a life-threatening complication of invasive infections that most often affect vulnerable groups of patients, including neonates and children with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PID). Here, we review the currently known risk factors for CNS candidiasis, focusing predominantly on the PID caused by biallelic mutations in CARD9.

Recent findings: How the CNS is protected itself against fungal invasion is poorly understood. CARD9 promotes neutrophil recruitment and function, and is the only molecule shown to be critical for protection against CNS candidiasis in humans thus far.

Summary: Fundamental insights into the pathogenesis of CNS candidiasis gained from studying rare CARD9-deficient patients has significant implications for other patients at risk for this disease, such as CARD9-sufficient neonates. These findings will be important for the development of adjunctive immune-based therapies, which are urgently needed to tackle the global burden of invasive fungal diseases.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-97
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Fungal Infection Reports
Issue number2
Early online date8 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • Brain, Candida, Candidiasis, CARD9, Neonates, Neutrophils

ASJC Scopus subject areas