Can advanced endoscopic techniques for assessment of mucosal inflammation and healing approximate histology in inflammatory bowel disease?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust


The targets of therapy in inflammatory bowel disease have transformed in the last few years. The standard definition of mucosal healing assessed using white light standard definition endoscopy, is being challenged because even when endoscopy suggests mucosal healing, the presence of histological activity often can be still observed. Of note, microscopic signs of inflammation correlate with clinical outcomes such as risk of relapse, hospitalization and colorectal cancer. Therefore, histological healing has increasingly become an important target to achieve. Advanced endoscopic technologies have been developed and many are starting to be adopted in daily clinical practice. They can provide a more detailed view of the mucosal and vascular architecture almost at the histology level, including crypt, vessel architecture and cellular infiltration. So, these can provide a more accurate definition of mucosal and histological healing. In this review we focus on new advanced endoscopic techniques, and how these have the potential to decrease the gap between histological and mucosal healing.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2019


  • Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, mucosal healing, histological healing, advanced endoscopic techniques, electronic virtual chromoendoscopy