Breakthrough percepts of famous names

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Abdulmajeed Alsufyani
  • Kathryn Harris
  • Alexia Zoumpoulaki
  • Marco Filetti
  • Howard Bowman

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Taif University
  • KENT UNIVERSITY AT CANTERBURY
  • Cardiff University
  • University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki 00290

Abstract

Studies have shown that presenting own-name stimuli on the fringe of awareness in Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) generates a P3 component and provides an accurate and countermeasure resistant method for detecting identity deception (Bowman et al., 2013, 2014). The current study investigates how effective this Fringe-P3 method is at detecting recognition of familiar name stimuli with lower salience (i.e., famous names) than own-name stimuli, as well as its accuracy with multi-item stimuli (i.e., first and second name pairs presented sequentially). The results demonstrated a highly significant ERP difference between famous and non-famous names at the group level and a detectable P3 for famous names for 86% of participants at the individual level. This demonstrates that the Fringe-P3 method can be used for detecting name stimuli other than own-names and for multi-item stimuli, thus further supporting the method's potential usefulness in forensic applications such as in detecting recognition of accomplices.

Bibliographic note

Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-281
Number of pages15
JournalCortex
Volume139
Early online date23 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • EEG, Rapid serial visual presentation, Concealed knowledge test, Fringe-P3, Famous names