Brain electrophysiology in disorders of consciousness: Diagnostic and prognostic utility

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


  • Damian Cruse
  • G. Bryan Young
  • Francesco Piccione
  • Marianna Cavinato
  • Aldo Ragazzoni

External organisations

  • University of Western Ontario
  • San Camillo Hospital
  • Unit of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology


Electroencephalography (EEG) is a powerful and inexpensive bedside tool for the assessment of residual brain function in prolonged disorders of consciousness. Here we review a range of methods for EEG interpretation, including reactivity, perturbation by transcranial magnetic stimulation, evoked potentials, and oscillatory changes. We show that, in combination, these methods can form a reliable picture of each patient’s structural impairments and residual sensory and cognitive functioning, thereby leading to more accurate diagnoses and prognoses and stratifi cation of patients for experimental neuro-stimulation therapies.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBrain Function and Responsiveness in Disorders of Consciousness
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Diagnosis, Disorders of consciousness, EEG, ERP, Prognosis, TMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas